Conflict-related sexual violence (CRSV) has been a persistent threat to the lives of women, men, boys, and girls in fragile and crisis contexts for generations. The legal precedence established in the tribunals of Yugoslavia and Bosnia and in the statutes of the International Criminal Court (ICC), together with policy developments emanating from United Nations Security Council Resolution (UNSCR) 1325 and 1820 and the Murad Code have been groundbreaking. These legislative milestones are necessary but not sufficient to prevent or address the complex and traumatic effects of CRSV. Other sectors and stakeholders have a role and responsibility.

Drawing on two decades of research and practice by women-led organizations specializing in women, peace and security issues and as first responders to sexual violence in fragile contexts, the International Civil Society Action Network (ICAN) presents the following practical guidance to inform governments and policymakers committed to effective prevention of sexual violence in conflict (PSVI).

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